Homeopathy emerging as nanomedicine

  • Rajendra Prakash Upadhyay Department of Bio- Chemical Engineering & Biotechnology Indian Institute of Technology Delhi Hauz Khas, New Delhi-110016, INDIA
  • Chaturbhuja Nayak Central Council for Research in Homeopathy, New Delhi, India

Abstract

Background: Homeopathy is a time-tested two-century old empirical system of healing. Homeopathic medicines are prepared through a characteristic process known as potentization, where serial dilutions are performed with strong strokes at each step of dilution. Homeopathy is controversial because most medicines do not contain one single molecule of the corresponding starting-substance. Aim: To investigate a possible nanoscience mechanism of action of homeopathic medicines. Methodology: Ultra-pure samples were prepared and were examined under scanning (SEM) and transmission electron microscope (TEM) along with selected area nanodiffraction (SAD) and energy-dispersive X-ray analysis (EDX). Also trace element analysis (TEA) for silicon was performed. Results: Homeopathic medicines showed not to be ‘nothing’, but exhibited nanoparticles and conglomerates of them, which had crystalline nature and were rich in silicon. Conclusions: During the violent strokes involved in potentization, information arising from the serially diluted starting-substance might be encrypted by epitaxy on silicon-rich crystalline nanoparticles present in the resulting homeopathic medicine. The ‘size’ of the information encrypted on nanoparticles might vary together with the degree of dilution. As homeopathic medicines exhibit healing effects, these nanoparticles along with the interfacial water on their surface might carry this information - which biological systems are able to identify - to the target. As various forms of silica are known to interact with proteins and cells of the immune system, homeopathy might represent a nanomedicine system. Possible confirmation, however, requires further research in materials and interfacial water.

Author Biographies

Rajendra Prakash Upadhyay, Department of Bio- Chemical Engineering & Biotechnology Indian Institute of Technology Delhi Hauz Khas, New Delhi-110016, INDIA
Master’s and doctorate (Ph. D) in Physics, Advanced Diploma in Homeopathy DIHom (UK) Scientist (& Amateur Homeopath) carrying out basic research work in Homeopathy, Bio-Chemical Research Lab (I- 205) Department of Bio- Chemical Engineering & Biotechnology Indian Institute of Technology Delhi Hauz Khas, New Delhi-110016, INDIA
Chaturbhuja Nayak, Central Council for Research in Homeopathy, New Delhi, India
Director General Central Council for Research in Homeopathy New Delhi, India (Presently retired from the service)
Published
2011-11-10
How to Cite
UPADHYAY, Rajendra Prakash; NAYAK, Chaturbhuja. Homeopathy emerging as nanomedicine. International Journal of High Dilution Research, [S.l.], v. 10, n. 37, p. 299-310, nov. 2011. ISSN 1982-6206. Available at: <http://highdilution.org/index.php/ijhdr/article/view/525>. Date accessed: 21 oct. 2018.
Section
Fundamental Research (Physics and Chemistry)

Keywords

homeopathy; epitaxy; nanoparticle; interfacial water; nanomedicine