Highly diluted medication reduces parasitemia and improves experimental infection evolution by Trypanosoma cruzi.

  • Denise Lessa Aleixo
  • Franciele Karina da Veiga
  • Larissa Ciupa
  • Angela Rigo Portocarrero
  • Patricia Flora Sandri
  • Fabiana Nabarro Ferraz
  • Caroline Felício Braga
  • Silvana Marques de Araújo

Abstract

Background: In Trypanosoma cruzi infection, the pathogenesis is the result of a break in the host-parasite relationship. There is no research in the literature about the parasitological and clinical evolution of mice experimentally infected with T. cruzi. Aim: Evaluate animals infected with T. cruzi and treated in different ways using biotherapic, a highly diluted medicine prepared with blood trypomastigotes. Methodology: To evaluate the effect of different ways of treatment using biotherapic T. cruzi 17x(BIOTTc17x) on clinical and parasitological evolution of mice experimentally infected with T. cruzi Y strain, a blind randomized by draw controlled trial was performed, using 72 male swiss mice, aged 28 days, divided in six groups according to treatment: CI- treated with 7% alcohol-water solution, diluted in water (10μL/mL) given ad libitum; BIOTPI: treated with BIOTTc17x in water (10μL/mL) given ad libitum during a period that started on the day of infection and finished when animals died; BIOT4DI: treated with BIOTTc17x in water (10μL/mL) given ad libitum from the 4th day of infection to the death of animals; BIOT4-5-6: treated with BIOTTc17x by gavage (0.2mL/animal/day) on 4th, 5th and 6th days after infection; BIOT7-8-9: treated with BIOTTc17x by gavage (0.2mL/ animal/day) on 7th, 8th and 9th days after infection. The parameters evaluated were:parasitemia, pre patent period (PPP), patent period (PP), total parasitemia (Ptotal), parasitemiapeak, clinical aspects and mortality. Results: Our results showed that the constant use of highly diluted medication in water has resulted in better benefits, with a lower AUC (pvalue=0.00001), lower Ptotal average (pvalue=0.0137), lower Pmax of parasitemia (pvalue=0.0003), higher PPP (pvalue=0.0006), and lower PP (pvalue=0.0006), besides a tendency towards higher survival rates in these animals (pvalue=0.1360) (table1). The results for the correlation between parasitological parameters and the survival period of the animals pointed PPP as the best parameter in showing the difference in the performance of different schemes of treatment. Conclusions: The BIOT4DI group showed better performance with reduced parasitemia and a trend towards lower mortality with longer periods of survival. The clinical use of these results in humans, should consider the allometric system dosing of drugs that takes into account the metabolic rate of each organism.
Published
2013-08-26