Evaluation of effects of inert vehicles proceeding from homeopathic preparation in miceâ€™s experimental infection by Trypanosoma cruzi
Keywords: Trypanosoma cruzi, homeopathy, inert vehicle, parasitemia.
AbstractBackground: In experiments with homeopathic medicines is important to test the inert vehicle from succussed preparations for the treatment control. Aim: To evaluate the effect of hydro-alcoholic solutions 1cH, 6cH and 30cH in miceâ€™s experimental infection with Trypanosoma cruzi. Methodology: In a blind, randomized, controlled test, two independent experiments with 34 and 51 swiss male mice, 8 weeks old, kept in cages micro acclimated, infected with 1400 blood trypomastigotes of the Y strain of T. cruzi (via IP), were divided: IC-untreated control; G1cH-received hydro-alcoholic solution dynamized 1cH; G6cH-received hydro-alcoholic solution dynamized 6cH and G30cH-received hydro-alcoholic solution dynamized 30cH. The solutions were prepared according to Brazilian Homeophatic Pharmacopoeia1 with alcohol 70 Â° GL. Final preparations (1cH, 6cH and 30cH) were manipulated with water (Sigma-SP-Brazil). The treatment was offered diluted with water (1/100mL) ad libitum 48 hours before infection, available for 16h. After infection, the animals were treated 56h/56h for 16h until the 9th day of infection. The parasitological parameters were analyzed: Curve of Parasitemia, Total Parasitemia (TP), Peak Maximum of Parasites (PMP), Pre-Patent Period (PPP), Patent Period (PP) and Survival. The experiment was approved by the UEMâ€™s Ethical Committee. Results: G1cH showed a higher survival (p=0.044) with a life expectancy of 2.58 times larger than the control group (Figure 1.A), as well as lower TP (p=0.002) and PMP (p = 0.018). PPP and PP showed no statistical difference, although in G1cH1 it was observed an increasing trend of PPP (p=0.065). These results are related to hostâ€™s benefit. The G6cH group presented a longer survival (p=0,045), with a life expectancy 1.94 times larger than the control group (Figure 1.B). Although no difference to TP, PMP, PP and PPP has been observed, the alcohol 6cH performed protecting animals against infection. The G30cH displayed an increasing trend of PMP (p=0.066) compared to the control group. Effects of inert vehicle succussed have been reported in studies in vitro2. However, no effects had been reported in vivo studies yet2,3. The hydro-alcoholic solution 7% 13CH, tested under the same conditions and animal model, did not change the natural evolution of the infection2. Conclusion: The hydro-alcoholic solutions 1cH and 6cH altered the course of experimental infection by T. cruzi, reducing the parasitemia and/or increasing the survival time, and can not be considered as inert vehicle in the high diluted compounds preparation.