Pregnant dairy goats endoparasites reduced by commercial Homeopathy
Keywords: Dairy Goats, Fecal Eggs Count, Endoparasite, Caprinoculture, Commercial Homeopathy
AbstractBackground: the endoparasitosis affects dairy goats in worldwide distribution. This impacts the economical activity and implies in eminent risk of animal looses by helminths blood depletion (Nogueira, 2010). Resistance to all therapeutic drugs is reported, the parasitism implies to elevation of production costs, toxic residues in milk and environment, frequently monitoring of ocular mucosa and healthy status (Cavalcanti, 2007; Silva, 2010). Many publications reports Fecal Eggs Count (FEC) FEC reduction in sheeps with homeopathy (Chagas, 2008; Zacharias 2008; Neves, 2012; Falbo, 2013). This work continues the study of previous assessment with young females caprines, but now during the breeding season and multipara pregnants. The under field conditions intends to address the value of this complex medicine in the real life situation of a caprinoculture routine and the animal zootechnical production phases. Aims: this work determined the parasite load by FEC during the periods of breeding season and pregnancy of dairy goats with commercial populational homeopathy. Methodology: Fifteen (15) adult multipara goats (CAPRA AERGICUS HIRCUS) aged 4.4 Â± 1.4 years old were randomly enrolled into two groups. The animals has dairy predominance of Alpine and Saanen breeds and were fed by maize and sugar cane silage. Routine measures to reduce the natural parasitism infection included keeping them in elevated houses with slatted floor with access to paddock star grass with time restrictions to the hottest hours in the day. They received the albendazole antihelmintic drenching before each of the phases. The weekly FEC was performed in triplicate with the McMaster Egg Counting Chamber Technique and the optical microscope. The treatment with 10g-animal-day CapriOvi Verm 100 RealH (Brazil) was given daily among both phases, six times a week with individual oral administration, the powder was diluted (not sucussed) in a plastic cup with tap water and given in a 10mL syringe. The control group received only tap water in the same way but brand new separated set of disposable materials. Each phase had evaluating period of 10 and 11 weeks respectively. The first phase has the four weeks breeding season, previously stimulated by light program, with sex mating on the middle and the second phase the animals was pregnant for 2 to 4 months. Results: The FEC kept above 500 eggs during 7 weeks at the breeding season-1st phase but grew as expected in the pregnancy-2nd phase. The FEC was significantly reduced during the 2nd phase (p-value < 0.01) but not in the breeding season-1st phase (p-value = 0.28), despite being lower than the control. The two-way ANOVA showed that treatment in the 2nd phase affected the results [F 1/143 = 9.04, p = 0.0031] as the time does [F 1/143 = 53.29, p < 0.0001]: there were interactions between factors [F 1/143 = 3.15, p = 0.0011]. The two-way ANOVA showed that treatment in the 1nd phase affected the results [F 1/130 = 0.30, p = 0.58] as the time [F 1/130 = 1.24, p = 0.28]: there were no interactions between factors [F 1/130 = 0.58, p = 0.81]. Surprisingly there was absence of growing FEC in the breeding season, at this phase the dry goats and may have better immune response to the endoparasites than the stress of the pregnancy. Our group suppose the stressed animal model is more susceptible and may show better the effects of treatment reducing the FEC in a high challenge situation. How it influences the way of action of ultra high dilutions remains a very interesting question for guide future works. Conclusion: the populational homeopathy product CapriOvi Verm 100 RealH has shown the reduction of the FEC during the pregnancy of dairy goats.