High Dilutions of a Drug of Covid-19 Origin Show Difference in Ranks

Authors

  • NIRMAL CHANDRA SUKUL Visva-Bharati University
  • RAJ KUMAR SINGH
  • SUMIT GHOSH
  • MAHASWETA NANDI
  • ANANYA PAL
  • MANJULA PAL

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.51910/ijhdr.v20i4.1099

Keywords:

High dilution, UV-spectra, FT-IR spectra, Charge transfer, Hydrogen bond.

Abstract

High dilutions (HDs) of drugs, used in Homeopathy, are prepared in aqueous EtOH (ethanol) through serial dilution accompanying mechanical agitation or succussion, and are called potencies. The potencies from the rank 12 onwards are too dilute to contain any original drug molecules. Do the potency ranks show any difference from each other? Do serial dilution and succussion contribute to the difference in potency ranks? This study aims to address these two questions. The throat swab of a Covid-19 patient was preserved and diluted with aqueous EtOH 90% to prepare the mother tincture (MT) and five different potencies of Covid named Covidinum. These potencies and their solvent media were analysed by electronic and vibrational spectroscopy. Charge transfer (CT) and proton transfer interactions occur during preparation of the potencies. The FT-IR spectra of all the test samples after normalization show difference from each other with respect to O-H stretching and bending (v2) bands. Serial dilution and succussion contribute to the observed difference in ranks and CT interactions.

Author Biographies

NIRMAL CHANDRA SUKUL, Visva-Bharati University

Prof. Nirmal Chandra Sukul Ph.D.,Email.ID: ncsukul@gmail.com, htpps://orcid.org/0000-0001-5888-3369

Department of Zoology, Visva-Bharati, Santiniketan, West Bengal, India.

Principal Investigator

RAJ KUMAR SINGH

Dr. Raj Kumar Singh Ph.D.,Email.ID: rajfps@gmail.com, htpps://orcid.org/0000-0002-9787-6177

Department of Botany, Government General Degree College, Mangalkote,

Panchanantala,Khudrun Dighi, East Burdwan, West Bengal India.

SUMIT GHOSH

Sumit Ghosh M.Sc., Email.ID: sumitghosh7602@gmail.com, htpps://orcid.org/0000-0002-3766-9344

Sukul Institute of Homeopathic Research, Santiniketan, West Bengal, India

MAHASWETA NANDI

Dr. Mahasweta Nandi Ph,D., Email.ID: mahasweta.nandi@visva-bharati.ac.in, htpps://orcid.org/0000-0002-3114-4774

Integrated Science Education and Research Centre, Visva-Bharati, Santiniketan, West Bengal, India

ANANYA PAL

Ananya Pal M.Sc., Email.ID: palananyachem@gmail.com, htpps://orcid.org/0000-0002-2761-2600

Integrated Science Education and Research Centre, Visva-Bharati, Santiniketan, West Bengal, India

MANJULA PAL

Manjula Pal M.Sc., Email.ID: palmanjula.chem@gmail.com, htpps://orcid.org/0000-0001-9756-3762

Integrated Science Education and Research Centre, Visva-Bharati, Santiniketan, West Bengal, India

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Published

2022-01-02

Issue

Section

Fundamental Research (Physics and Chemistry)

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