Evaluation of BALB/c mice behavior and relations to the immune response after treatment with H3N2 homeopathic solutions


  • Camila Monteiro Siqueira Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro
  • Leoni Bonamin Universidade Paulista
  • Priscila Motta
  • Thayná Cardoso
  • Michelle Correia
  • José Nelson Couceiro
  • Carla Holandino Quaresma




Influenza, mice, biotherapic.


In Brazil, homeopathic medicines are prepared according to the Homeopathic Pharmacopeia, regulated by ANVISA. Among several categories of medicines, there is the biotherapic group, which is prepared from etiologic agents. In this study, we developed a biotherapic from influenza A virus, aiming the influenza infection prevention. Influenza is a disease that affects thousands of people worldwide every year, with an important economic impact, what motivates the development of new low cost therapies. The H3N2 biotherapic developed in this study was administered to Balb/c mice to evaluate their immune response to viral specific antigens and behavior (homeopathic proving). Sixty-two 4 weeks old Balb/c mice were divided into five experimental groups (n=14 per group), after approval by the Ethics Committee of Animal Use (Protocol DFBCICB 037) and stimulated daily, blindly, with 1% (v/v) different homeopathic medicines, for a maximum period of 42 days. The tested medicines were: biotherapic 30x prepared from inactivated influenza A virus; biotherapic 30x prepared with infectious influenza A virus; and thymulin 5cH, a thymus hormone. The two control groups were treated with water 30x and nothing (baseline group). After 21 days of treatment, half of the animals from each group was challenged subcutaneously with the viral hemagglutinin antigen (7 mg / 200 mL) and monitored by 21 days further, to evaluate the humoral immune response and general behavior, using an open field device. The remaining animals were evaluated by the same behavioral tests at the end of the first 21 days, as an attempt to define the proving features. After euthanasia, all animals were autopsied and the spleen, lungs, heart and mediastine lymph nodes were weighed. Histometry of the spleen follicles was also made. Histopathological and behavioral analyses showed absence of behavioral effects, however, there was increase of spleen lymphoid follicles diameter in immunized animals treated with thymulin and with the biotherapic prepared from infectious influenza A, when compared to the control group. This experiment is being repeated using flow cytometry to complete the analysis and confirm the results.

Author Biography

Camila Monteiro Siqueira, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro

Departamento de Medicamentos, Faculdade de Farmácia, UFRJ




How to Cite

Siqueira, C. M., Bonamin, L., Motta, P., Cardoso, T., Correia, M., Couceiro, J. N., & Quaresma, C. H. (2021). Evaluation of BALB/c mice behavior and relations to the immune response after treatment with H3N2 homeopathic solutions. International Journal of High Dilution Research - ISSN 1982-6206, 10(36), 128–129. https://doi.org/10.51910/ijhdr.v10i36.474

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